Sunday, May 24, 2020
Running head: PSYCHOLOGICAL CHANGES IN ABUSED CHILDREN 1 21 PSYCHOLOGICAL CHANGES IN ABUSED CHILDREN BRANDMAN UNIVERSITY Walnut Creek Campus Psychological Changes in Abused Children Research Proposal Paper A Paper Presented to Doctor Christopher Davidson In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements of The Bachelors? of Arts Degree in Criminal Justice SSCU 494 By Brian Taghadossi December 12, 2016 Psychological Changes in Abused Children Parents and other trusted caregivers have been abusing and neglecting children, likely since the early days of man. However, over the past half-century, the United States government has encouraged state governments to focus more efforts on child welfare. The Child Abuse Prevention Treatment Act defined the term ?child abuse and neglect? as meaning, at a minimum: any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; or an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm. (as cited in ?The Child Abuse,? 2010, p. 6) The National Children s Alliance reported that the number of unique cases of abused and neglected children in the United States stands at an annual rate of 700,000 and rising (as cited in ?U.S. Department of Health Human Services,? 2016, p. ii). Sadly, this means that more than 1,900 new children become victims of abuse and neglect with each passing day. Neglect was the type ofShow MoreRelatedThe Effects of Physical and Verbal Abuse on Children1666 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOne of the rising issues among children in our society today is the verbal and physical abuse they are receiving from their parents and guardians. This is creating unhealthy families and dysfunctional environments where children are the victims of these abusive homes. Another cause of concern is the psychological and emotional detachment abusive children have to endure. These affects occur when they have a history of being neglected or physically abused. A UNICEF on child wellbeing reportedRead MoreChild Abuse Is An Issue That s Going On Every Day1037 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbehaviors against children which can become psychological. Child abuse includes different conditions. It can harm children and teenagers in different ways, including being abused sexually, physically abused, child neglect, emotional neglect and abuse, and failure to thrive. These conditions can effect a child or a teenagerÃ¢â¬â¢s in different ways. It can interfere with the way the child turns out to be in the future. Children and teenagers are usually abused because the abuser, was abused as a child. InRead MoreChildhood Abuse And Child Abuse1003 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesChild abuse is a topic that not many feel comfortable discussing. It goes to reason then, that the abuse one has faced during their childhood is a topic that is also rarely discussed. When a person brings up the situations in which they had been abused as a child, many people will uncomfortably chang e the subject while giving their condolences. However, childhood abuse can greatly affect future of the adults who have suffered it. Abuse is defined by the Oxford Dictionary (2017) as: cruel and violentRead MoreThe Society Of Prevention Of Cruelty907 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn 1975 The Society of Prevention of Cruelty to Children was established. On the flip side, in certain states spousal rape societies have yet to be established. There have been analysts who have alluded to the fact of removing or stopping the problem of violence may cause iatrogenic effects. One needs to be able to distinguish between the different types of abuse especially for when one wants to intervene. The aticle define the following definition as follows: family maltreatment- Ã¢â¬Å"minimal physicalRead MoreChildren Are Victims Of Child Abuse1353 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Did you know that more than six million children are victims of child abuse in the United States? We lose four to seven children every day due to abuse and neglect. The United States has one of the highest child abuse records across the nation (National Child Abuse Statistics 1). Children can be abused in many ways including neglect, physical, mental, sexual and emotional abuse. People do not realize the severity of this epidemic. More and more children are being effected everyday, having to dealRead MoreModels of Abuse1454 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesModels of Abuse This essay will describe the models of abuse and compare them; there has been some controversy over these and this will be lightly discussed. Psychological Model of Abuse - Also known as emotional or mental abuse Emotional abuse can be described as constantly mistreating a child and therefore affecting their emotional state and development. Emotional abuse can be inflicted upon a child in many different ways; these can include telling a child that they are Ã¢â¬Å"worthlessRead MoreResearch With Foster Children : Ethical Dilemmas1135 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesResearch with foster children Ethical dilemmas are one of the many sensitive issues that come with doing psychological research with human participants. As seen in several famous psychology studies such as the Stanford prison experiment, Milgram experiment, and Tuskegee experiment, ethics in psychological studies are important to protect both the individuals being subjected to research and the researcher. While these specific experiments did not include children, it does bring up an important conversationRead MoreChild Abuse Is A Worldwide Problem1037 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesserious physical and psychological consequences which affect the health and overall well-being of a child. There are different forms of maltreatment, abuse can result in bad consequences, check for signs of abuse, the statistics, and how people can help. First, the different ways of abuse. The most common type of maltreatment is physical abuse. Ã¢â¬Å"Physical abuse is when a parent causes any non-accidental physical injury to a child. About 28.3% of adults reported to be physically abused as a child.Ã¢â¬ (wwwRead MoreChild Abuse Is A Serious Concern Of Society1570 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction Child abuse is a serious concern of society because of the negative effects on later social and psychological functioning. Particularly, the concern of Ã¢â¬Ëthe cycle of violence hypothesisÃ¢â¬â¢ which is one of the most influential conceptual models for antisocial behaviour in the social and behavioural science (DeLisi, Kosloski, Vaughn, Caudill, Trulson, 2014; Lansford, Miller-Johnson, Berlin, Dodge, Bates, Pettit, 2007). Numerous studies have documented the association between childhoodRead MoreSerial Killers Case Study1526 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesin life. This case study will focus on Jeffery Dahmer, while tracing his psychological dysfunction back to his childhood. Though comparing him to other case studies What defines a Ã¢â¬Å"SerialÃ¢â¬ killer? In the book Ã¢â¬Å"mind huntersÃ¢â¬ by John Douglass (1998) he explains Serial killer is a term describing a type of killer who kills many people over an extended period. They are generally male and motivated by a variety of psychological urges, primarily power. The United States Bureau of Justice Statistics defines
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
My Most Embarrassing Moment - Personal Narrative Ding! Ding! Ding! It was everywhere, pen, pencil, papers, rubbers, sharpeners and games. I woke up in a room which looked like a recycling truck. I was so hooked up with my homework and playing my games to the next level that I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t even know that I went to sleep. I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t in the mood to go to school. I just wanted to wake up when I wanted to, eat ice cream for breakfast, complete all my games, watch films and then go to bed when I got tired. But that never happened. My name is Mathulan and I go to the Heathland School. I also have a little brother Kohulan, he is the most annoying boy ever, and he tricks me and gets me into places where I fell likeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦I scampered to the basement, fiddled inside the dirty basket but couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t find it. Ã¢â¬Å"Check in the dirty basket,Ã¢â¬ yelled mum. So again I looked inside, I was in an immense rush so I just heaved out everything three or four at a time all over the floor when I reached the bottom of the basket, where the uniform was cluttered. I was wondering what idiot would put my washed clothes back into the dirty basket right at the bottom. Ã¢â¬Å"KOHULAN!Ã¢â¬ I had no time to find him and punch him; I had to pack my bag, after wasting that entire time finding my uniform and I only had 10 minutes. I plonked my uniform on when I came to a situation where I was scuttling around the whole house once again searching for my bag. I asked my brother but he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t say anything; just that I had to feed the dog. I was in a rush; I just poured some dog food onto a pot and left it under the table leaving the dog to come and find it. As he got up and ran for the food there I spotted in his basket a flat, Nike, blue bag. I was thinking, what bamboozle would do such a thin g, putting my bag under the dog. Ã¢â¬Å"KOHULAN!Ã¢â¬ It was too late to beat him up; but he was in the shower. It was strange; he was actually going to be late for the first time to school. I was now relaxed so I sat down, was finishing my breakfast, but it then came to myShow MoreRelatedPersonal Narrative : My Old Neighborhood1153 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSep14th, 2015 Personal Narrative 2 My Old Neighborhood Have you ever looked back to a something that you did in your neighborhood when you were child? Generally, when we just look back to a something that we did when we were child we have a strength feeling, and just starting to ask ourselves why we did that and how we did that. Most likely we cannot find answers to our questions because we cannot think how and why we acted childlike behavior after we became adult. I have an embarrassing story thatRead MoreThe Role Of Family Socialization And The Impact Of Media, Religion, And Society900 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessexuality. In this section the reader learns about the role of family socialization, and the impact of media, religion, and society. This section is effective in understanding why the interviewees in section one behave and think the way they do. Like most societies, people are pre-programmed or influenced by their surroundings, media, and religion, which can cause them to imitate what they see or hear. For example, children in Ameri ca are easily influenced by popular music artists, and tend to emulateRead MoreCurrent Perspectives Of Psychology And Human Development Essay1634 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages INTRODUCTION This Individual Development Narrative discusses various factors relating to theories of lifespan development from birth through to my adolescent stage. This includes looking at the understanding and major theoretical perspectives of psychology and human development, its process and the influences of domains on human development across the lifespan and how they interrelate. The domains of development including Physical, Cognitive, Emotional and Socio-cultural /or moral. Also some ofRead MoreIs The Story Unique And Interesting?1217 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfrom beginning to end without being overbearing and completely uncomfortable. Are there any confusing sections that need to be made clearer? On page 534 Nora recognizes that Diaz must have seen her naked, but her noting this as though itÃ¢â¬â¢s highly embarrassing is contradicting to her attitude on page 204 where sheÃ¢â¬â¢s fairly neutral about him seeing her in wet underwear. It just seems out of character, so maybe some clear explanation of her feelings about him seeing her naked would make sense. AgainRead MoreThe Differences Between U.s. And China Essay1392 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOthers in Different Societies Being born and raised in China, I chose to spend most of my past five years in an Alabaman high school by myself, and interestingly, despite that I am clearly more of a Chinese than an American, every time when I return to China for summer holiday, I found myself flabbergasted by virtually everything (I seem to only realize the cultural differences when I return to where I belong.) However, most of these surprises did not only remind me of the differences between U.S. andRead MoreSample Resume : My Act Training Experience Essay1993 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages My ACT Training Experience Ã¢â¬Å"Go get yourself a summer jobÃ¢â¬ said my mom when I graduated early from high school on April 27/2016. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s when I started to look for a job and ACT was my best and easiest choice. I knew I would get the job as soon as I walked in because of what IÃ¢â¬â¢ve heard, they practically hire anyone. On May 24/2016 was orientation, the following days were when training would start. My sister Andrea was also starting the same day in my training class actuallyRead MoreBenjamin Franklin was a Political Hero in Sheila Kemps The Cockpit2003 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesSheila Kemp did an outstanding job in her short history of one of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s most treasured -- arguably the most looked up to -- political heroes. Whether the Cockpit had as astounding an effect on FranklinÃ¢â¬â¢s political career, and the defining moment that pushed him on the path as an advocate for independence is up for argument. Did Kemp adequately protect her position: that Benjamin Franklin became a revolutionary after his incident at the Cockpit? The questions seem to be answerable morally, asRead MoreCurrent Perspectives Of Psychology And Human Development Essay1926 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThis Individual Development Narrative discusses various factors relating to theories of lifespan development from bi rth through to my adolescent stage. This includes looking at the understanding and major theoretical perspectives of psychology and human development, its process and the influences of domains on human development across the lifespan and how they interrelate. The domains of development, including Physical, Cognitive, Emotional and Social-cultural /or moral. Also, some of the humanRead MoreAdolescence in the Bell Jar and Catcher in the Rye6395 Words Ã |Ã 26 Pagesthis moment in life differently some sail through happily to carry on with a peaceful life where as others are less fortunate and find that this moment is much more harder and stressful then they thought. Esther Greenwood and Holden Caulfield are one of the less fortunate and have bad experiences through their adolescent. Salinger and Plath present this in their novels Catcher in the Rye and The Bell Jar. Both novelists use first person narrative giving us as readers a more personal descriptionRead MoreRidley Scotts Persuasion that Romans are Not Invaders in Film Gladiator2178 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesis a tale of betrayal, bravery and survival. Gladiator (2000) is the critically acclaimed Academy Award winning Action/Drama, which sets the audience expectations high, Ridley Scott had directed gladiator, this being his 14th film. His most famous and successful films include Alien (1979) and Blade Runner (1982). Gladiator is set in the ancient era of the Roman Empire allowing the audience to escape to a fantasy filled with history, culture and adventure. It ambitiously
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Napoleon Bonaparte rise to power was because of his strong army he formed and his strategy for winning wars however his fall came when he went to Russia intending to defeat them but lost. NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s policies were to ensure freedom and equality for the people and to give the people the education they needed. Napoleon Bonaparte was born Napoleone di Buonaparte in Corsica, August 15, 1769. We will write a custom essay sample on Napoleon Bonaparte, a Man of War or any similar topic only for you Order Now He was a small child, and often was teased by his classmates when he was enrolled in military college at a very early age in 1777, and it is believed that this influenced the determination he had to win later in life. Later, he went to Ecole Militaire (also known as military school) from 1784 to 1785. Also in 1785, he graduated with the rank of second lieutenant. Great things were expected of Napoleon. However, no one could have guessed that he would go on to make history. Napoleon was a rising star in the French military. A general at the age of 27, he had won the admiration of France thanks to his leadership, military talents, and personal talents. Yet his talents lay not in originality but in his stunningly innovative adaptations of military strategies and tactics developed in the eighteenth century and during the Revolution. While in the military, he won many battles over Austria. In 1795, the people of France tired of the Reign of Terror, revolted, executing many leaders of the Terror. The Directory took power. On NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s return to France, he found that many people were very dissatisfied with the Directory. With the support of his troops, he overthrew them and became FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s new dictator, naming himself First Consul for life. The votes of the public approved of this move. He was determined to succeed in life. His first real military action was a great success. He was captain of artillery during the siege of Toulon, where he captured several important strongholds, and forced the retreat of British naval fleets. He became Brigadier General while campaigning in Italy, but was arrested and jailed there for being an associate of the brother of the executed Maxamillion Robespierre. After getting out of jail, he continued on to achieve even more military greatness. Napoleon strategy in winning wars was brilliant. When he confronted an army stretched out before him, skilled marksmen threw the opponentÃ¢â¬â¢s advance forces into disarray and assessed the opposing armyÃ¢â¬â¢s weakest point. The concentration of deadly artillery fire- Napoleon once referred to the twelve-pound cannons as his beautiful daughters-prepared the war for the assault of the infantry columns. The speed of his armyÃ¢â¬â¢s movement was such that he could rapidly attack and defeat part of an enemy army before reinforcements could arrive. NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s genius was his ability to organize, oversee and assure the supplying of and communication between larger armies than had ever before been effectively assembled, and to move them more rapidly than anyone before him. All of his success earned him a dictator of France. As a dictator Napoleon made many reforms to France. Napoleon was influenced by the Enlightenment which made him believe that the church should not have an institutional role in the affairs of state. He said that society cannot exist without some being richer than others and this inequality cannot exist without religion. No papal bull could be read in FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s church without permission of the government; the clergy would have to read official government decrees from the pulpit. Under Napoleon, the church gained the freedom of religious practice, but at the expense of some of its independence. Napoleon also gave freedom of religion. Napoleon granted Protestants and Jews state protection to practice their religion. An article of the concordat guaranteed freedom of worship for people in both religions. Also Napoleon created a new social hierarchy based not on blood but on service to the state, particularly in the army and bureaucracy and on ownership of property. Napoleon also established the Bank of France in 1800 which facilitated the stateÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to borrow money. He followed the DirectoryÃ¢â¬â¢s policy of abandoning the grossly inflated paper money of the Revolution, which stabilized FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s currency. He facilitated the assessment and collection of taxes, ordering a land survey of the entire country upon which direct taxes were to be based. And he expanded the number of indirect taxes collected on salt, tobacco, and liquor, as well as on goods brought into any town of over 5,000 inhabitants. Education also became a huge priority for Napoleon because in a country in which about half the population was illiterate, he believed that schools could create patriotic and obedient citizens through teaching secular values that would ultimately link education to nationalism. In 1802, Napoleon established state secondary schools called lycees, thirty-seven of which were operating six years later, for the relatively few boys who went beyond primary school. Students read only textbooks approved by the emperor and in 1808, he created FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s first public university system. Education became seen as a value in itself, as well as a means of social ascension. After a while, Napoleon created the Napoleonic Code. This code made the rights of property owners sacrosanct. The code, over 2000 articles long, enshrined the equality of all people before the law and the freedom of religion. The subsequent Penal Code of 1810 proclaimed the freedom to work that forbade associations of workersÃ¢â¬â¢ associations. Many of the policies had positive effects on the country however they had negative side effects on the people and the economy. Great Britain alone was one of the strongest forces in the defeat of Napoleon. On land, Napoleon was successful against the British, but on sea the British controlled every estuary. Great Britain also created the Orders of Council, which ordered neutral nations not to trade with France. This was much more effective than NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s Continental System because Great Britain controlled the seas. Napoleon had many problems that were unrelated to the Quadruple Alliance. When he issued the Decrees of Berlin and Milan, Portugal was not happy because they wanted to trade with Britain. To subdue Portugal, French troops had to cross Spain. Soon troops were forced to occupy Spain as well as Portugal. When the Spanish revolted, Napoleon appointed his brother Joseph as Monarch. The Spanish found this to be very disrespectful to have a foreign ruler appointed, and thus fought with even greater passion and desire. Assisting the Spaniards in ultimately freeing themselves from NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s control was the English army under the command of Arthur. Wellesley was later made the Duke of Wellington, where he would take an even more major role in NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s defeat. This war with Spain, based on a rise of nationalism, was the beginning of the end for Napoleon. There were also many more problems with rebellions by Austria and Russia. Alexander I of Russia broke his Alliance with Napoleon, due to RussiaÃ¢â¬â¢s failing economy. This led to Napoleon suffering what is considered to be his worst defeat ever when he went to war with Russia. This defeat was largely due to the French being pushed by the Russians towards the torched city of Moscow. Here they froze, starved or were killed in battle. This defeat encouraged other countries to try for victory. Although allied nations did combine to inflict another defeat for Napoleon at the battle of Leipzig in 1813, it must be noted that the Quadruple Alliance was not officially established at this time and there were many other influences that led to NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s decline. NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s defeat at the Battle of Waterloo was not determined because of he Quadruple Alliance, but rather it was due to tactical mistakes on behalf of Napoleon. Napoleon made the mistake of entrusting his armies to inferior generals such as Ney, who had no real education, and Marshal Emmanuel de Grouchy, who lacked the charismatic spirit that NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s men needed before battle. He also made the mistake of underestimating his opponents. NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s health was also to blame for his defeat. At Waterloo he suffered an array of aliments such as stomach pains, and pneumonia. His actions were sluggish; he was slow in issuing commands, and responding to messages. While Napoleon misjudged his opponents, Wellington did not. Wellington had fought against Napoleon before, and was a master of defensive tactics. Ney made many mistakes in the battle, his worst being sending his cavalry to attack hastily, unsupported by infantry. They were slaughtered within minutes. Despite the surprise attack by the Prussians and organization of the Quadruple Alliance helping defeat Napoleon at Waterloo, the British would still have defeated Napoleon due to his own personal doubts, faults and downfall. In conclusion, NapoleonÃ¢â¬â¢s rise to power was clouded his mind that he failed to realize the possibilities of defeat. Napoleon was lethargic and this was the reason why he fell from power. However, Napoleon can be seen as a great lieutenant. His military talents led him to many victories. His victories led him to become a dictator of France who influenced the French. Napoleon was a strong man and despite his ambiguity, he is considered a man of war. How to cite Napoleon Bonaparte, a Man of War, Papers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about theCommunication For Health Professionals. Answer: Communication is the process or act of using words, sounds, signs, or behaviors to express or exchange information to another person(Silverman, Kurtz, Draper, 2016). Communication skills coupled with communication techniques and strategies can be used to convey the information effectively. However, communication barriers exist in different conversations. Health professionals play a key role when it comes to handling of health matters especially where therapy is needed. Clinical counselors have a major role in ensuring that the communication with their patient is effective(Silverman, 2013). This study is a communication between a clinical counselor and patient. It aims atcreating an appropriate model of communication and coming up with the strategies in order to achieve an effective communication. It also aims in establishing a good rapport and establishing the possible barriers to communication.The study also involves other health professionalsand the ethics considered during the co mmunication The case study involves a girl by the name Katherine who one of her friend experienced fire in her kitchen last year. Recently Katherine has spent a lot of time listening to her friend experience and this has left her nervous and scared. In her fiancs apartment she has been distracted twice where she fears that something would catch fire while dinner was being prepared. She has been referred to a clinical counselor by a general practitioner with an aim of getting help on how to cope with the situation. In this study, deliberative model of communication is used. It involves interpersonal interaction between the counselor and the patient. The counselor engages the patient in a dialoguewith an aim of giving moral persuasion to the patient. After moral persuasion, deliberation of the action to be taken by the patient is done. This model enable engagement with the patient to highlight various health values and benefits of reducing anxiety and fear(Parrott, Crook, 2011). This will involve enlightening the patient about her current situation, and recommendable solutions to the health problem. This will trigger deliberate actions from the patient to undertake treatment (Eggins, Slade, 2013). This model is appropriate because the patient is highly involved in the final decision without limiting the freedom of choosing the value she feels would be appropriate. Building a rapport with Katherine would be the first task. This is in order to achieve a strong and a successful relationship which may have a great impact on the outcome. One of the methods that can be used in building a rapport is matching and mirroring(Saywitz, Larson, Hobbs, Wells, 2015). This entails learning the patients behavior and assuming some of these behaviors. For instance one can assume her body posture or gestures. Also one can pay attention to her tone or the speed of her speech, and then match appropriately. Understanding the mindset of the patient is another big factor towards achieving a good rapport(Otuzo?lu, Karahan, 2013). It would be good to know that Katherine is too emotional when it comes to matters related to fire and hence there could be some difficulty in how she expresses herself. As a counselor one may have encountered a related scenario earlier where sharing it could be able to create an emotional link (Gudzune, Beach, Roter, Cooper, 2013). By doing this you are able to encourage her to speak up hence creating an excellent interpersonal conversation(Workman, 2012). Communication strategies employed would be important in achieving positive outcomes. One of the strategies that can be used is silent treatment where the counselor may choose to remain silent but attentive in order to perceive the verbal and nonverbal information brought by the patient (Timmins, 2012). For a counselor to have much clear information, it is advisable to ask questions related to the incident. By doing this, a counselor is able to administer care in accordance with the patient need. Another key strategy employed by the counselor is to appear enthusiastic(Moran, Sussman, 2014). This will encourage the patient to remain positive in the responses she gives and even more interested in talking to the clinical counselor.The last strategy is ensuring that the counselor and the patient speaks equally and being brief. This will improve interpersonal interaction making the patient to be active throughout the conversation without getting bored. There are various factors that could make the communication ineffective. The emotional state of Katherine would highly affect the interpersonal relationship with the counselor. The fear and anxiety in the patient becomes a great barrier and this may affect the ability to clearly explain her feelings. The clinical counselor could be having challenges in coping with the patients emotions. A challenge can also be encountered in asking questions related to the incident to the patient. Mentioning of words like fire to the patient may arouse earlier emotionstherefore increasing the level of distress and anxiety. This renders the communication to be ineffective. Culture diversity is another hindrance towards effective communication. People of different culture tend to be different in various ways. The language between the counselor and the patient may differ and this may result to misunderstandings and misinterpretations of the key message. Nonverbal communication such as gestures and symbols may also be different between different cultures. For instance, a symbol like nodding the head may have different meanings in different cultures making its use to be misinterpreted. The patient may have a distrust and fear to disclose secrets to culturally different counselor. Stereotyping could have a great impact on communication basing on various aspects such as gender, religion, and age. This will create prejudices hence bringing barrier to an effective communication. The counselor may also be using technical medical jargons in the line of his career which are too complicated to be understood by the patient and this creates disconnection in the conversion. Barriers to effective communication can be overcome using various approaches. Cultural barriers, for instance, can be overcome by the counselor learning clients culture through doing some research. By going deep in understanding the patient culture, it creates good feeling and this may boost the client openness to the counselor. It would even boost the patient confidence to visit again in future. The counselor should be aware of the barrier as a result of medical jargons and should use simple language and continuously check whether the client understands through appropriate feedback. This can be done by asking a question related to what the discussion entailed and evaluating the answer. Counseling coupled with other professionals may have a great impact on a patient experiencing emotional, behavior and mental health problems. Health professionals like clinical psychologist, psychiatrist, and medical general practices would be important in solving Katherine issues. Psychologist would assist in provision of therapy and diagnosis to the client. Psychiatrist would help in treatment of emotional illness which includes assigning the right medication to the patient. Sharing the knowledge gathered during this communication with other health professionals could be of importance so that they may be informed on how to handle the patient. This enhances decision making and improves synergy among the professionals. One of the information to be shared is about the mental condition of the patient. This will assist in determining the best method of treatment to be used hence improving the quality of patient care. The counselor have a role in speculating whether the mental condition of the patient is good and make recommendations as to whether further screening should be made by the psychiatrist. This information may aid in improving the patient trust and satisfaction. Inter-professional communication will also aim in assisting Katherine to conquer the emotions, fears, and anxiety. It would be appropriate to consult other health professionalsto assist in coming up with proper cognitive behavioral therapy. The aim of this therapy is to reduce the negative thoughts on Katherine mind. Therapist should invest on making Katherine understand that caution measures can be taken to avoid fire spreading such as having fire extinguishers in her house. Ethical issues on the communication among health professionals must be considered. Health care professionals should have good relationship among themselves. This enhances their service delivery to provide a better care to patients. Inter professional communication should be guided by respect and contribution of each member should be treated also by respect. ("Health Care Ethics", 2011) Health professionals should work together as a team to deliver quality patient care with each member entitled to understand his or her role in the team. The patients should be made to understand the role of the team members. All the involved health professionals should coordinate towards delivering the information accurately to the patient and the family in a timely manner. In case a member of the team delegates duty to another health professional, it is important to give enough information about the patient and the progress in treatment. ("Health Care Ethics", 2011) This ensures quality service is delivered to the patient In conclusion, it is clear that health communication plays a vital role especially to patients with mental health problems such as emotions and anxiety. The model of communication chosen has an influence on the communication effectiveness. Effective communication can be effected by employing appealing strategies and establishing a good rapport between the counselor and the patient in order to achieve the set purpose. The counselor should be aware of the cultural diversity and be sensitive to overcome such barriers. Synergy among health professionals has an impact on the final decision made in provision of quality health care. References Eggins, S., Slade, D. (2013). Clinical handover as an interactive event: Informational and interactional communication strategies in effective shift-change handovers. Communication Medicine, 9(3). https://dx.doi.org/10.1558/cam.v9i3.215 Gudzune, K., Beach, M., Roter, D., Cooper, L. (2013). Physicians build less rapport with obese patients. Obesity, 21(10), 2146-2152. https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.20384 Health Care Ethics. (2011). Online Journal Of Health Ethics, 7. https://dx.doi.org/10.18785/ojhe.0701.07 Moran, M., Sussman, S. (2014). Translating the Link between Social Identity and Health Behavior into Effective Health Communication Strategies: An Experimental Application Using Antismoking Advertisements. Health Communication, 29(10), 1057-1066. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10410236.2013.832830 Otuzo?lu, M., Karahan, A. (2013). Determining the effectiveness of illustrated communication material for communication with intubated patients at an intensive care unit. International Journal Of Nursing Practice, 20(5), 490-498. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijn.12190 Parrott, T., Crook, G. (2011). Effective communication skills for doctors (1st ed.). London: BPP Learning Media. Saywitz, K., Larson, R., Hobbs, S., Wells, C. (2015). Developing Rapport with Children in Forensic Interviews: Systematic Review of Experimental Research. Behavioral Sciences The Law, 33(4), 372-389. https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bsl.2186 Silverman, J., Kurtz, S., Draper, J. (2016). Skills for Communicating with Patients, 3rd Edition (1st ed.). Boca Raton: CRC Press. Timmins, F. (2012). Effective Communication with Patients. Nurse Education In Practice, 12(2), e19. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2011.10.004 Workman, S. (2013). The importance of establishing a rapport with patients. BMJ, 347(sep25 1), f5745-f5745. https://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.f5745
Tuesday, March 31, 2020
10 qualities to include in a leadership essay While writing your term paper, if youÃ¢â¬â¢re asked to write an essay on leadership, how will you begin? Will you define leadership from the Oxford Dictionary, will you begin by referring to your favorite leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s qualities or will you outline the general characteristics that you think will make a leader? Well, if you are in doubt, please know that it is fine to begin the essay with any of the above methods.Ã The important aspect to keep in mind is that youÃ¢â¬â¢re describing a quality and you should supplement it with ample examples, references and if possible, quotes. The introduction to your essay is obviously the place to hold and capture your readerÃ¢â¬â¢s attention, so make sure whatever you write makes the reader curious enough to read through the entire essay. Also, remember that writing a leadership essay encompasses many different aspects Ã¢â¬â like leadership styles, leadership development, types of leadership, successful leadership, leadership principles and values etc. Before beginning your essay, make a draft about what aspect you want to highlight upon. Your prescribed essay length should help you decide how much you can include and how many aspects you can briefly allude to. Leadership is not just about commanding people, but it is also about following them, and listening to them. One does not always have to be a commander, a chief or a boss to be a great leader. A great leader can also be one who has total command and control over his life, his words, his deeds and actions, and who helps others help themselves. There are lots of great qualities in a leader that you can choose from and elaborate on them with examples. For instance, 10 great leadership qualities that most people agree should be present in a leader are: Empathy Dedication Sincerity Passionate about his beliefs Puts peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s interests above his own Responsibility and ownership Self motivated Ability to influence Ability to lead Ability to teach An effective leader can be humble and strong at the same time, teach and learn at the same time, give credit to his followers and command respect at the same time. To be prepared on writing a leadership essay, you can also read biography essays of great leaders. You can also build up your knowledge by reading on different leadership strategies and how they affected people in various stages in life. To make your leadership essay more interesting, also try to compare two very different kinds of leaders and provide an analysis of what made them successful or unsuccessful as leaders. Remember to conclude your essay with a statement on what you learned from the lives of great leaders.
Saturday, March 7, 2020
Illusions in the Great Gatsby essays Fitzgerald implicates the idea of ignorance is bliss. He helps to show this idea by quoting in the preface, ...the loss of those illusions that give such color to the world so that you dont care weather things are true or false... Gatsby has an ever-lasting love for Daisy. While Gatsby is having this obsession over Daisy, he is content with his life until he losses the illusion that he can have her. An illusion is also occurring in the marriage of Tom and Daisy. They both continue to live together even though they both are having affairs. Gatsby has an ever-lasting love of Daisy. He goes as far as moving across from Daisys house so he can look at Daisys light. The light represents the burning desire he has for Daisy. Gatsby again shows his want for Daisy; he subconsciously knocks over a clock. This symbolizes that he wants to stop time, so it could be like the time when he was with Daisy before the war. This desire is present until a short time before he is murdered. Tom and Daisys marriage is also an illusion. Bot of them are having affairs and they continue to live together as if they are happily married. They probably did this because they wanted to still be sociable with other rich members of high society; they did not want to become out casts. In both cases, Gatsby, Tom and Daisy are happy until their illusion comes crashing down on them, revealing the horrors of reality. Even after all the parties Gatsby has thrown, nobody comes to his funeral. The members of high society have realized the illusion that he has created around himself. I feel this novel moral is, live in the present, dont dwell on the past. "The Grate Gatsby". F. Scott Fitzgerald ...
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Health Reform Plan - Research Paper Example When Clinton administration took office, it did not prioritize health reform per se because it fashioned the supposedly reform to fit their political agenda. The task force, which was constituted to construct the policy, was made up of over 30 working groups with over 500 participants (Yankelovich, 1995). What Clinton and his adviser failed to know was that congress is a political body whose profession is only to make the most politically viable policies, but not policies for public significance. This way, the resultant policy was not inclined to benefit ordinary citizens because the political reality is that healthcare benefits represent income to few players, who benefit from the health industry and whose interest is to ensure that policies favour them. Therefore, the politician and the reform body mistook good policy for good politics by creating a bill which was fit for political mileage rather than political process. Moreover, the Clinton administration did not appreciate the need for a national strategy to sell the plan to the people. Medical coverage would have been a source of anxiety for all Americans as well as voters (Yankelovich, 1995). Failure to involve Americans resulted to what is referred to as human error. One angle of the human error lies in the fact that with 84 per cent of Americans holding health insurance, they were deeply afraid of losing their benefits (Toner, 1993). As a result, whenever the public was interviewed concerning their satisfaction on the old health coverage, most of them rated the services as either Ã¢â¬Ëvery goodÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬ËgoodÃ¢â¬â¢, and this made it very hard to reform the system. Democrats have been avoiding the repeat of the idea following the reform debacle, and this attitude has been a foremost impediment to change.There are several recommendations for president Obama based on the failure of this reform. First, there is no fact in the idea that health reform is not inevitable in the United States